Vocab Lab: Kudos

“Kudos to Steve for that great presentation!” This is one of those unusual words that tend to turn up only occasionally in academic situations, but that most native speakers will recognize. What does it mean, though, and where did it come from? History & Definition The word itself, kudos, comes from the ancient Greek word... Continue Reading →

Fresh Air and Far Horizons

Jeju Island is a famous summertime getaway, but its charms actually extend through the winter season as well. Besides discount rates on the luxury resorts on the southern side of the island, you can explore the frozen version of Mount Halla, where the snowfall piles up high enough to cover even the guideposts alongside the... Continue Reading →

When do you use a comma before “including” or “such as”?

“I met so many interesting people, including a writer, a photographer, and an aviator.” Words like “including” or “such as” are often used to introduce examples that further explain something mentioned in the sentence. They suggest that you are going to list just a few of the relevant items. If you removed the comma from... Continue Reading →

Introductory Phrases

“The other day, I met an old friend.” When writing a sentence, sometimes you may wish to set the scene for your statement by using an introductory phrase. In the example above, the phrase “the other day” provides the context for the independent clause that follows. Introductory phrases can come in a range of types — learn... Continue Reading →

Relative Clauses: Who, That, Which, etc.

“The cat that climbed the tree was gray with a spot on its nose.” In this sentence, “that climbed the tree” acts as a relative clause, giving you more information about the subject (the cat). Relative clauses are frequently used in English writing and are an important descriptive tool. However, punctuating these clauses correctly depends... Continue Reading →

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