The Comma Compendium: How to Use Any Type of Comma You Can Think Of and Why

There are so many reasons to use commas! They’re like the salt and pepper of writing, right? Well, actually, not quite. There is a time and a place for each comma. Use this brief guide to identify your case and get the details on how to jot down those commas like a pro! Getting the... Continue Reading →

When do you use a comma before “including” or “such as”?

“I met so many interesting people, including a writer, a photographer, and an aviator.” Words like “including” or “such as” are often used to introduce examples that further explain something mentioned in the sentence. They suggest that you are going to list just a few of the relevant items. If you removed the comma from... Continue Reading →

Introductory Phrases

“The other day, I met an old friend.” When writing a sentence, sometimes you may wish to set the scene for your statement by using an introductory phrase. In the example above, the phrase “the other day” provides the context for the independent clause that follows. Introductory phrases can come in a range of types — learn... Continue Reading →

Relative Clauses: Who, That, Which, etc.

“The cat that climbed the tree was gray with a spot on its nose.” In this sentence, “that climbed the tree” acts as a relative clause, giving you more information about the subject (the cat). Relative clauses are frequently used in English writing and are an important descriptive tool. However, punctuating these clauses correctly depends... Continue Reading →

How to Use an Interrupter

“Hey, what’s your name?” In this example, the exclamation of “hey” acts as an interrupter. The part following the comma is the independent clause that makes up the basic sentence. An interrupter can be any one of a wide rage of phrases that interrupts the surrounding sentence. Using an interrupter can help to make your... Continue Reading →

How to Use an Appositive

“I called my friend, JJ, to tell him about all our plans!” Have you seen sentences like this that re-state the subject? The part that’s offset by commas re-names the subject, giving more specific information. This grammar structure is called an appositive, and you can use it to introduce or clarify the topic you’re writing... Continue Reading →

What’s the best way to write a list?

What exactly are the formal rules for writing a list of items in English? There are so many ways to do it and so many opinions on which is best! One thing is for sure: if you are going to explain something, there’s a good chance you will have to use a list, so figure... Continue Reading →

Sentence Structure: Compound Predicates

“I want to bake a cake and eat it all!” This sentence has just one subject but two verbs. To complement the previous article on compound subjects, this time we’ll discuss compound predicates. Compound predicates allow you to make your writing sound more smooth and natural by combining events that occur to the same subject.... Continue Reading →

What’s the difference between i.e. and e.g.?

These little abbreviations are actually cases of Latin that have snuck into modern English usage. It’s safe to say that most people don’t know what they stand for, and most aren’t exactly sure about their usage either. Become an example-writing expert with this article! What do they mean? As mentioned, i.e. and e.g. are abbreviations for... Continue Reading →

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